Ruellia simplex should be used to reference the full-sized versions of Mexican petunia, and not the dwarf variety. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Ruellia Tuberosa. Facts, Benefits & Uses of Dwarf Bluebell Noteworthy Characteristics. Wild Mexican-petunia must be removed completely, both above and belowground, or it will continue to resprout. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. There is a dwarf variety that is only 1 ft (0.30 m) tall. Compact (great in pots!) Ruellia brittoniana (Mexican Petunia) is a 2–4 foot tall upright spreading perennial. There are no known biological control agents for Mexican-petunia. Winter hardy to USDA Zone 8 (marginally hardy in Zone 7 with protection and mulch) where it is best grown in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Answer: Neither Ruellia brittonianna (Mexican petunia) nor any other species of Ruellia appear in any of the following toxic plant databases: Poisonous Plants of … Grows 3 feet tall, 1 feet wide, with lavender flowers in summer. This plant thrives in moist, fertile, humusy but well-drained soils. Stems are green or purple and leaves are dark green, oppositely arranged and lance-shaped, roughly 6 to 12 inches long and ½ to ¾ inches wide. Stands of Mexican-petunia can also spread via underground stems or rhizomes. It is important to install appropriate plant material into bare areas in the home-landscape. Other characteristics that make wild Mexican-petunia a successful invasive are its rapid growth rate, affinity for disturbed locations, prolific production of seed, and lack of germination requirements such as scarification or stratification. Ruellia are hardy and half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach from 30 to 90 cm in height.. Veins are prominent on the underside of the leaf. [5], Dwarf Mexican Petunia or Katie Pink or Katie Ruellia -- Ruellia simplex, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ruellia_simplex&oldid=987048548, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 15:53. They are not closely related to petunias (Petunia) although both genera belong to the same euasterid clade.The genus was named in honor of Jean Ruelle, herbalist and physician to Francis I of France and translator of several works of Dioscorides. It died to the ground with a hard freeze. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933. [4], Ruellia simplex is an evergreen perennial growing 3 ft (0.91 m) tall, forming colonies of stalks with lance-shaped leaves that are 6 to 12 in (15 to 30 cm) and .5 to .75 in (1.3 to 1.9 cm) wide. If the area of established wild Mexican-petunia is large, then an herbicide application might be needed. Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, is a herbaceous evergreen perennial of the Acanthaceae family.It is sometimes named Ruellia brittoniana, but R. simplex is preferred, as it is the name first given to the plant when described in Cuba. I removed my plant when new shoots began to appear a foot from the parent clump. Scotland RW; Vollesen K, 2000. Ruellia simplex in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. We moved into our current home nine months go and I've been trying to eradicate this plant from two separate areas of my yard ever since. It does not mind full morning sun but benefits from afternoon shade, particularly during the hot summer months. Commonly known as the Mexican petunia, the ruellia is an herbaceous perennial shrub with highly invasive tendencies. How to Get Rid of Ruellia. A drought-tolerant prairie native with delightful lavender-blue petunia-like flowers that bloom from summer to fall. There main blooming period is from Spring to summer, but many Ruellia will also … Easy to care for and great for use as coverage, ruellia plants offer unique beauty to landscape areas. Google Privacy Policy | R. simplex, the name of a species described from material collected in Cuba in 1870, is the oldest name for the Neotropical species generally known as Ruellia tweediana, Ruellia coerulea and Ruellia malacosperma. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton’s petunia) is described as a “hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers.” Scientific names include Ruellia brittoniana, R. coerulea and R. tweediana, but taxonomists now use the name Ruellia simplex, which was the first name used to describe this species. Trumpet shaped flowers are metallic blue to purple, with five petals, and 3 in (7.6 cm) wide. and very easy to grow. Therefore R. simplex has priority and reduces the … Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, features bright trumpet-shaped blooms like its namesake, but don't look for any more similarities to the common bedding annual. Seeds in well. Mexican-petunia can also resprout from crowns or rootstocks when cut back or killed back by frost. In fertile forms, cylindrical fruit or capsules containing 4 to 28 seeds are produced. Instead, plants can be dug up with a shovel, with the aim to remove the entire root mass. So far, it seems like an excellent selection for plant borders or areas where a durable source of color is needed. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Central Phoenix -- Katie blue Ruellia brittoniana is a very tough plant. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. Ruellia is a genus of flowering plants commonly known as ruellias or wild petunias. [3] The genus is named after French botanist Jean Ruel, while the specific name refers to the simple, not compound leaves. Many ready-mixed and readily available herbicides can successfully reduce Mexican-petunia cover, including glyphosate, which can be purchased by home-owners at most retail garden stores under the trade name Roundup. My young plant was as easy to grow and flower as well as the weedier R. simplex. The Mexican petunia (Ruellia brittoniana) is a beautiful addition to a flowering backyard retreat. So far, it seems like an excellent selection for plant borders or areas where a durable source of color is needed. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Ruellia brittoniana Leonard Ruellia caerulea Morong Ruellia coerulea Morong, orth. It also does well in average garden soils with even moisture. (Acanthaceae.) Mexican-petunia is able to tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions including variations in light, temperature, and moisture. Use sterile Ruellia cultivars such as "Mayan Purple," "Purple Showers," "Mayan Pink" and "Mayan White." var. Although Ruellia simplex has lovely blooms, due to its invasive tendencies it is not a good plant for Florida gardens. [1], Ruellia simplex is native to Mexico, the West Indies, western Bolivia, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina. Machu™ Morado Ruellia or Mexican Petunia is an easy to grow heat and sunloving tropical well suited to container culture as well as in the garden and landscape. Great choice for a height-restricted meadow. Native to Mexico and western South America, Ruellia simplex, also known as R. tweediana, R. brittoniana, R. coerulea, and R. malacosperma, is cold hardy to USDA hardiness zones 8 to 11.Although there has been confusion over the plants’ proper name since a German botanist named them in 1879, most horticulturists now refer to them as R. tweediana. Sometimes, the Latin name for this plant is written as Ruellia simplex, which was the original name given to this plant when it was discovered in Cuba in 1870. Ruellia simplex (Britton’s Wild Petunia, Desert/Mexican Petunia, Mexican Bluebell) Ruellia simplex or better known by its synonyms R. brittoniana and R. tweediana, is a delightful plant to have in one’s home garden.We got several plants in three small poly bags for a steal… really dirt cheap for just RM10. (misapplied) Ruellia tweedianaGriseb. Scientific names include Ruellia brittoniana, R. coerulea and R. tweediana, but taxonomists now use the name Ruellia simplex, which was the first name used to describe this species. Ruellia simplex, the Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell or Britton's wild petunia, is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae.It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. Native alternatives to Mexican-petunia for use in home landscaping include wild petunia (Ruellia caroliniensis), blue curls (Trichostema dichotomum), butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa), or swamp milkweed (Asclepias perennis). Found in dry open woods and prairies Pennsylvania to Indiana, south to Alabama. Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex) Biology and Management Adrienne M. Smith UF/IFAS Aquatic Weed Control Short Course May 6, 2015. Mexican-petunia is a perennial in zones 8 to 11 that stands up to 3 feet in height. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Site Feedback. It thrives as a marginal water plant and in boggy soils. Some retailers use the name, 'Purple Showers' as a common name for Ruellia simplex and most do not label 'Purple Showers' as a seedless hybrid. Ruellia simplex can be grown in either the shade or full sun, and is great for edging or mass plantings. It is a versatile plant that tolerates an extremely wide range of growing conditions. Water – Use It Wisely Editor’s Note: You will also often find two additional popular Ruellia’s used in the low desert. This plant should be planted in bordered beds to tame their rampant and invasive growth. Ruellia humilis wild petunia . Leaf margins are can be smooth or wavy. Names of Ruellia Tuberosa in various languages of the world are also given. Bare ground can quickly become invaded by weeds or different invasive species common to urban areas. How Ruellia Tuberosa is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Mowing, tillage or weed-eating the tops off Mexican-petunia will not remove the plants entirely. As a hardy perennial (you only need to plant them once), the Mexican petunia is one of several desert plants that are recommended for warm, dry climates. They are … The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Ruellia . Control in invaded natural areas as well as control at the propagule source (home-gardens and landscapes) is needed for long-term management of this invasive species. Keep reading to learn more about growing ruellia. UF Privacy Policy Phonetic Spelling roo-EL-ee-yuh SIM-plecks Description. Established plants have respectable drought tolerance. Purple Showers Mexican Petunia - Ruellia - 1 Gallon Pot The Purple Showers Mexican Petunia is an exceptionally easy-to-grow and versatile perennial plant for wet or well-drained soils that forms attractive clumps of erect, deep purplish stems that are clothed in dark-green, willow-like leaves tinged in purple. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. The wild form has purple flowers, and is native to Mexico, Western South America and the Antilles. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton's petunia) is described as a "hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers." 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