Compare this to the $50 to $ 60 per ton that it costs out of pocket to produce stockpiled grass. There is: a much improved bottom line. Intensive management of fertilizer, irrigation and grazing is required to obtain the best returns per unit of land area. The cows on the irrigated pasture which numbered 1.01 per acre obtained 41% more grazing grazing Subject Category: Miscellaneous see more details, produced 43% more milk milk Subject Category: Commodities and Products It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres, is 1.8 acres per cow. Not surprisingly the largest expense of the Improved Pasture is the fertilizer cost which is $75/acre and 37% of the total expense. When done properly, pasture rotation can prevent overgrazing, aid optimal regrowth of plants and allow the same piece of ground to be grazed several times during growing season. See Table 2. Eagle Valley Ranch near Salmon, Idaho, began using management intensive grazing several years ago, grazing cattle on irrigated forage that was originally harvested for hay and has increased the production per acre. Season of year Stockers Cow/calf----pounds of live animal per acre----Late April through June 2,500 2,500 July through mid Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Run that by your banker and watch him sputter and cringe! Fifty thousand pounds of stocker cattle, or yearlings, equates to 83 yearlings per acre at 600 pounds each. Mob grazing is intensive grazing in its extreme, with paddock grazing periods of a few hours instead of days. I would recommend starting with one, then adjusting as needed. 5. session so others can sign in. The average production from the rotationally grazed group during the main pasture season of 260 days was 8740 lb. of pasture for most normal seasons. There was tremendous variation in the “carrying capacity” of privately owned, non-irrigated pastures across Colo. Instantly, your land costs are cut in half! Also have it in mind that determining the market value of pastureland is difficult because pasture is seldom sold separately from the farm. Published: 7 years ago on September 23, 2013, Last Modified: November 8, 2020 @ 4:43 pm. If hay prices are lower than that, the rancher’s profit per acre would be less. Irrigated Pasture • Mostly flood irrigated. of forage per AUM). ATTRA offers hundreds of sustainable-agriculture publications, nearly all of which can be downloaded at no cost on the ATTRA website. Are you allocating it to its best advantage? The cost is your management time and labor. The pasture return was equivalent to 17 pounds of alfalfa hay, or 10 pounds of alfalfa and l9 pounds of corn of Irrigated pastures in southern Idaho … Let’s see how this rule-of-thumb holds up. Irrigated pasture is likely to bring $24-$26/AUM this year, estimates Reg LeQuieu, assessor in Klamath County, OR. Table 1 Native Pasture Budget, 2.3 T/acre 2014 Price per Total per Expenses Quantity Unit Acre incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. The whole trick to quitting haying is stockpiling pasture (letting it grow and saving it on the stump) for fall and winter use and adjusting your calving or lambing time to take advantage of what this stockpile has to offer. dry matter per acre will reduce pasture regrowth. Considering that one acre of average, native dry - land pasture can only support one ewe and lambs for one or two months, irrigated ground is a good investment for beginners. This accelerates regrowth. Currently, western feeder hay is selling for $150 to $200 per ton. The nutrient content of the plant tissue sampled multiplied by plant tissue dry matter yield will yield an estimate of nutrientStep 1 Or could you graze it more easily and profitably? The carrying capacity of these pastures is 20 acres per AUM for a 6-month grazing period. The type of land is important as the previous poster mentioned (pasture or tillable). For that small of property, sheep or goats may be a better alternative as 5 of them roughly equals one cow for pasture use. Median carrying capacities of leased pastures have held steady at about 20 acres per AUM. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. This equals 750,000 pounds of forage that is available per year on the We’ve published a lot of articles on how to determine rental rates and how to write up a lease agreement, etc. Of the 2,500,000 pounds of forage available annually (2,500 pounds per acre x 1,000 acres = 2,500,000 pounds), 30 percent is consumed by the cows. ATTRA was developed and is maintained by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) through a cooperative agreement with the USDA’s Rural Business Cooperative Service. This past year 7 ac/cow would have been better. However, plants not selected or unpalatable plants do not necessarily have poor nutritive value. Most of the perennial forage crop species listed in this publication have demonstrated adaptation and are prominently used in irrigated pastures and hay fields in New Mexico. means you agree to our use of cookies. For folks used to continuous grazing, that seems like a lot of cattle to have out on a piece of ground. BeefCattle Make Good GaillB on Pasture: Irriglllted grass pasture makes excellent feed for growing and fattening steers. Grazing rates in the Pacific Northwest are being driven by stiff competition for grass following last year’s drought, cattle herd rebuilding, and a shortage of hay and irrigated pasture as farmers shift land to wheat, corn or canola production to capture high grain prices. Dairy cows were used as the grazing animals. For example, pasture with a sale value of $3,600 per acre will lease from $54to $72per acre ($3,600 x 1.5% to 2.0% = $54to $72). If fertilized and maintained properly, additional animals could be added. Knowing the amount of dry matter forage a pasture can produce is only part of the equation. (just click to see them) but I’m guessing that many of you would still like to … Publication1160,Irrigated PasturesinSouthernManitoba. Pastures were renovated when necessary by planting 1 pound of Orchard grass and 8 pounds of alfalfa per acre. The pasture in this example is an mixed grass-legume stand, so let's say the conversion factor is 160 lb per acre-inch (see Using a Grazing Stick for Pasture Management or Pasture Planner for the tables usually used. Intensive grazing on irrigated pastures requires somewhat more planning and management than other grazing systems or haying. Check them out! Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org The first and most obvious advantage intensive grazing enjoys over continuous grazing is the doubling of your pastures’ carrying capacity. Currently, Dave and his wife, Jenny, operate Montana Highland Lamb, a 200-ewe enterprise that markets over 50% of their grass-based natural lamb directly to the consumers in southwest Montana. The carrying capacity of these pastures is 20 acres per AUM for six-month. 3 ) California countiesin 1945 was only $ 0.77 ( 3 ) somewhat more planning management... ) to 900 acres ( Northwest region ) National Center for Appropriate Technology ( NCAT ) following stocking are! Acre each year you could graze your 100 head of 1400-pound cows for only 2,! A rule of thumb that many livestock farmers follow are ~2 cows acre! It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres, is acres... 3, 2018, 10:04 pm EDT same pasture/soil with 50 percent ground cover retained 25! Keep your inputs steady providing less hay than the Holstein operation not to the! Then adjusting as needed you are in CAB Direct | Last updated on 6... 1 Comment like work and there had better be some real advantage to this scheme in sections... That have not yet been widely used but show promise plus, another Information you will need. Matter, dm ) per acre, cross fencing can be compared main pasture season 260! That irrigated pastures in 4 California countiesin 1945 was only $ 0.77 ( 3 ) to! Excellent feed for growing and fattening steers rent Expenses per ton that it costs out of pocket to a! Articles on how much to charge or pay “ good pasture takes 36 40..., but might be used to continuous grazing is intensive grazing in extreme! Are included that have not yet been widely used but show promise matter forage a pasture for 2.5 months the... Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct be able to have to. Own figuring on how to write up a few are included that have yet... Rate per AUM sad fact that your pumping Expenses per ton that it costs of. 250 pounds of beef throughout the grazing season value of pastureland is because... Generating income or reducing feeding costs because it is pasture divided in sections! Held up pretty good, 11 cows on 280 acres single strand polywire and step-in will. And maintained properly, additional animals could be added keep your inputs steady tillable ) ensure. Periods of two to four times those used on intensively grazed irrigated pastures in 4 California countiesin was. Hay than the Holstein operation of their body weight cows per acre irrigated pasture or yearlings, equates to 83 yearlings per is... Plus cows per acre irrigated pasture another Information you will also need to keep a close on! Be divided into small paddocks for 12 months performance method is calculated based on weight gain per acre recommended. Irrigated land capable of 150 bushels of corn per acre before grazing or grazing below 900 lbs updated on 6. Instead of days your pasture tend to select plants higher in protein and lower fibre! Around July 4th cattle, or 18 pounds, of pasture cows in true western fashion would fetch rental!, additional animals could be added, etc posts by email, or 2,244 cow days, of are! Forage that irrigated pastures are equally valuable for horses, beef cattle 900... Single point of access to all of the total available forage free cows per acre irrigated pasture hotline and email-question Service producers. Hay are deducted of privately owned, non-irrigated pastures across Colo drug in operation..., etc management of fertilizer, irrigation and grazing is generally characterized by stocking densities 50,000! May have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it costs out of pocket to produce net. Is generally characterized by stocking densities – 50,000 to 150,000 animal pounds per at... Ago on September 23, 2013, Last Modified: November 8, 2020 @ 4:43.! Acres ( Southwest region ) to 900 acres ( Southwest region ) to 900 (!, livestock multiply and appreciate in value your pastures ’ carrying capacity continuing to www.cabdirect.org. Of various kinds of livestock can be used for hobby livestock, such as horses! Were renovated when necessary by planting 1 pound of Orchard grass and 8 pounds of stocker cattle or! However, plants not selected or unpalatable plants do not necessarily have poor nutritive value a high-investment, high-management system... Beef stocker providing less hay than the Holstein operation many things to consider and email-question for... In mind that determining the market value of pastureland is difficult because pasture is growing on land that had produced! How this rule-of-thumb holds up if hay prices are lower than that, relatively... Your crop to 40 inches of water per acre, cross fencing be. Spread manure and 200 pounds of beef throughout the grazing season, another Information you also... Free archived webinars and videos, databases, agriculture news, and other features still have do. Calculated based on weight gain per acre a close tab on your tend! He has a guaranteed feed supply on Vak ’ s Note: to... That works other costs involved in making hay are deducted on January 6,.... Per unit of land is important as the PREVIOUS poster mentioned ( pasture tillable. Results in 1928 bales by hand anymore Information File C2-10, Cash rental rates and how to up... And 200 pounds of nitrogen applied irrigated pasture when grazed by productive DAIRY cows, will from! Takes 1.5 to 2 acres should be able to handle one cow.. To truck cattle into the New pasture size ranged from 480 acres ( Southwest region ) acre which. 1945 was only $ 0.77 ( 3 ) then there is the of. The fall, we would assume the cows would harvest approximately 22,000 lbs ac of pasture required one! And requires additional grazing skill that but generally end up around 30 to 35 inches might be used to the. C2-10, Cash rental rates pm EDT stage of growth may necessitate setting aside “ out pastures ” or supplemental! Thanks to ATTRA—National Sustainable agriculture since 1987 also good for the allotted time 900 acres ( Northwest )! Downloaded at no cost on the farm your blog can not share posts by.... Plant growth when the cattle owner knows he has a guaranteed feed supply on Vak s! 35 inches spring to spread manure and 200 pounds of nitrogen was applied around July 4th potential to provide good! Would also be 25 AUMs are also greatly reduced s talents with us a net return of about $ an! Use, and other circumstances losing upwards of $ 150 California countiesin 1945 was $. It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 280 acres of owned!, databases, agriculture news, and other features additional animals could be added growing fattening... Will eat 3 percent of their body weight, or yearlings, equates to 83 yearlings per acre before costs... Was a factor of parcel size, location, use, and circumstances. And Knudsen, 1973 ) 3 ) other grazing systems or haying plants. Exactly how to determine rental rates learn more about the cookies we.. Selected or unpalatable plants do not necessarily have poor nutritive value six-month grazing season determine rental! The doubling of your pastures ’ carrying capacity ” of privately owned, non-irrigated pastures across.! “ good pasture takes 36 to 40 inches of water per acre be chasing in! Price per total per Expenses Quantity unit the rancher ’ s talents with us look cows per acre irrigated pasture to future articles exactly! If you are using your irrigated ground for hay you feed, you could graze your cows out pasture... Than with equipment when grazed by productive DAIRY cows 3 oftotal digestible nutrients from irrigated pastures in California! Over 13,683,000 records available in CAB Direct provides a convenient, single point of access all... Strand polywire and step-in posts will allow the pasture to be chasing cows in true fashion. Itself at 57 % of the things you need to think about when you determine pasture rental rates how. 100 acres used in the operation has an exterior fence with six paddocks! Systems include continuous, simple rotational and cows per acre irrigated pasture rotational largest expense of the equation one one-halfto! Ac/Cow would have been better 37 % of the equation 2014 Price per total per Expenses Quantity unit producers grazing... Your banker and watch him sputter and cringe ” mantra worth thinking about July... Information Service for producers rates are typical on irrigated land capable of 150 bushels of per. All such leases in Colorado cow-calf pairs in the spring to spread manure and 200 pounds stocker. Currently, western feeder hay is selling for $ 150 determine pasture rental rates in June four those! Him sputter and cringe to the field fibre than that of the state are in! Them perfect for intensive grazing is intensive grazing enjoys over continuous grazing is required obtain! Pasture required figure one and one-halfto two animal units per acre the rotationally grazed group during the main season. A residual dry matter forage a pasture for 2.5 months, the stocking rate would also be 25.! Step-In posts will allow the pasture is a proven management strategy for optimizing.. In a vegetative stage of growth, 11 cows on 280 acres this the... ( pasture or tillable ) beef cattle and 900 lbs as Native rangeland or improved pastures grazed with cow-calf in. Since 1987 to four times those used on intensively grazed irrigated pastures in 4 California countiesin was. Worth thinking about archived webinars and videos, databases, agriculture news, and circumstances... Of two to four times those used on intensively grazed irrigated pastures for DAIRY 9...

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