It was also used to replace gunpowder as a low-order explosive in mining and other applications. Healthfully.com Exhaust ventilation and air conditioning should be installed in the work area, specific soaps for washing hands at the end of the work shift should be provided, and, if necessary, odor-neutralizing chemicals should be made readily available. Hope this helps Keith. Is nitrocellulose lacquer toxic? These lacquers have been in use extensively due to their quick-drying properties. %%EOF Conditions to be avoided: Do not expose the product to sunlight, heat or ignition sources, as well as to incompatible products listed above. Lacquer is known to negatively impact various organs and organ systems, primarily: Lacquer is mostly used to provide wooden surfaces with a glossy or matte finish, so it can be found on wooden furniture and floors. Nitrocellulose Lacquer was first developed sometimes in the ’20s and it was the only way to treat guitars for decades to come. 0000001299 00000 n 28 0 obj <> endobj Lacquer grade of soluble nitrocellulose is closely related to the more highly nitrated form which is used to make explosives. Breathing difficulty (from inhalation) Throat swelling (may also cause breathing difficulty) BLADDER AND KIDNEYS. HomeGuides.SFGate.com $13.45 $ 13. The name of this opaque finish is derived from “lac”, the sticky, resinous substance excreted by the lac insect. An example is the hobby product Deft. The systematic name of Nitrocellulose is Cellulose, nitrate. Blood in urine; No urine production (kidney failure) EYES, … Lacquer can contain urethane, cyanide compounds and other chemicals that are dangerous when inhaled in great amounts. 28 34 0000005460 00000 n Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. The most known type in the market is Nitrocellulose. Regardless of the type of lacquer, these finishes are typically regarded as one of the best all-around finishes for wood. 0000000016 00000 n 0000001516 00000 n 0000017207 00000 n 0000008178 00000 n NITROCELLULOSE, SOLUTION, FLAMMABLE burns if exposed to heat or flame. These include pre-existing lung, blood, heart and liver disorders. 0000009655 00000 n February 4, 2015 Lacquers Guitar Making, Nitrocellulose Lacquers (ERG, 2016) Reactivity Profile. 0000004296 00000 n Lacquer is a solvent-based protective coating created by mixing nitrocellulose or resin in volatile solvents. Once the solvent is gone, you can literally use a nitrocellulose film to wrap food. The nitrocellulose lacquer is then poured into the tank and the fuse is drawn though it directly from the visco machine. They become relatively non-toxic after approximately a month since at this point, the lacquer has evaporated most of the solvents used in its production. fNitrocellulosecan affect you when inhaled. Mohawk Finishing Products M102-0451 Finisher's Choice Clear Nitrocellulose Lacquer - Flat. ?��{�sm�Q[�������ƺC%b���f�d}�H@����{k"ʫ�7� .Y8O�Fg"i��A�#��P•�q�ͮeLw~���DVB���!�q4�vF 0000006486 00000 n They become relatively non-toxic after approximately a month since, at this point, the lacquer has evaporated most of the solvents used in its production. These chemicals are said to be capable of entering the lungs during inhalation and accumulating on fibrous walls, causing swelling and irritation. Lacquer can cause a variety of health complications if direct contact, ingestion or inhalation occur. It was used on anything from cars to guitars back then mainly because it worked well with paint, and it dried faster than anything they had available. In the event that these organs and organ systems become affected by lacquer, then a person can experience a range of symptoms that include brain damage, kidney failure and bloody urine. fExposure can cause headache, dizziness, difficulty breathing and loss of consciousness. Most health hazards stemming from VOCs are the result of inhaling the lacquer fumes. 5.0 out of 5 stars 3. trailer This gives the first coat and binds the fuse together. 4.6 out of 5 stars 47. Nitrocellulose lacquer is inexpensive, dried quickly, but yellows with age; acrylic lacquer is much pricier but doesn’t yellow, making it more suitable for light-colored woods; catalyzed lacquer are easy to apply but provide better resistance to abrasion, chemicals, and water. The alteration to the habitats was critical as nitrocellulose has low toxicities by itself. endstream endobj 29 0 obj <. Both have been specifically designed with the correct amount of lacquer in each can to achieve up to 3 coats on a guitar body with our aerosols and 4oz containers with more coats coming from the 8oz containers. The name of this opaque finish is derived from “lac”, the sticky, resinous substance excreted by the lac insect. Not only do lacquers dry quickly, but they leave behind a hard, durable finish that can range from being ultra matte to high gloss. Will burn vigorously if the quantity is small or the material is thinly spread over a large area. Severe pain in the throat … The ingestion of lacquer can affect other parts of the body, such as the bladder, kidneys and nervous system. Mixtures with … It is not intended as a substitute for professional advice of any kind. 0000017442 00000 n Unlike shellac however, lacquer – that is, true or Asian lacquer – is actually harvested from the resin of the Chinese lacquer tree (Toxicodendron vernicifluum), a tree species endemic to China and the Indian subcontinent. To prevent this, lacquer application should be done in a well-ventilated area while wearing the proper personal protective gear, namely a respirator mask, safety goggles and gloves. The product's category is Pharmaceutical Intermediates, and the other registry numbers are 124362-83-0; 1339-76-0 etx. Nitrocellulose lacquer is a material which has many uses both inside and outside the home. startxref 0000001921 00000 n Those who work in facilities that manufacture lacquer should take extra care when handling this substance. Lacquer is a solvent-based protective coating created by mixing nitrocellulose or resin in volatile solvents. Lacquer poisoning can cause symptoms in many parts of the body. Truth Publishing assumes no responsibility for the use or misuse of this material. This site is part of the Natural News Network © 2012 All Rights Reserved. Nitrocellulose Lacquer. In aqueous environments, release of nitrocellulose seems to have influenced the physical and chemical properties of the habitats. These include nitrocellulose lacquer, acrylic lacquer and catalyzed lacquer. Additionally, lacquer is an eye and skin irritant. There are three types of lacquer that have different usages; water-based lacquer, Acrylic lacquer, and Nitrocellulose lacquer. Water-based Lacquer. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), are common ingredients in many lacquers. The durability of lacquer has made it so that it can be utilized as a metal finisher too. 0000002520 00000 n Privacy | Terms All content posted on this site is commentary or opinion and is protected under Free Speech. Nitrocellulose Lacquer ₹ 125 / 20' Container Get Latest Price Specifications Available Sheens Gloss, Semi-gloss, Dull rubbed and Satin Available Colors White, Black and Brown Resin Type Nitrocellulose Recommended Use InteriorFeatures Highly effective Free from impurities Accurate formulation 65. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. 0000002361 00000 n However, nitrocellulose lacquer dries slowly compared to modern finishes and it’s far more time consuming and labour intensive to achieve high-quality results with it. fInhaling Nitrocellulosecan irritate the nose and throat. Lacquer is especially dangerous for those with existing medical conditions that can be further aggravated by lacquer exposure. 0000011134 00000 n $28.65 $ 28. Very flammable and easily ignited. Moreover, lacquer is sometimes baked onto the interior of cans for food and beverages. Short-term exposure will not cause skin problems, but prolonged exposure can cause skin to dry, crack, or become red and itchy, an indication of contact dermatitis. 0000004524 00000 n I certainly would not recommend spraying unless you are in a spray booth with proper protective equipment, but remember, women put lacquer on their fingernails every day. ... Nitrocellulose Lacquer. It would not be an exaggeration to say that all, or nearly all, vintage/collectible American factory steel string instruments are finished in lacquer. Apart from true lacquer, there are synthetic lacquers as well. The reply was it is food safe as long as it has been allowed to fully cure, the curing time varies between different makes of lacquer, but it will say on the can somewhere the time it takes to fully cure. Solvent-based nitrocellulose lacquer has been the dominant finish used by U.S. musical instrument factories for steel string guitars, archtop guitars, banjos and mandolins since the 1920’s. Lacquer exposure typically occurs while this substance is being applied onto wooden or metal products. 0000018037 00000 n Like any other lacquer, it can be used to finish wood products and keep painted surfaces shining, though there is much more to it than that. TheSpruce.com Partially nitrated cellulose has found uses as a plastic film and in inks and wood coatings, and was often used to lacquer coat electric guitars, including Fender and Gibson brands, although it fell out of favor for a number of reasons: pollution, and the way the lacquer yellows and cracks over time. One of its first major uses was as guncotton, a replacement for gun powder as propellant in firearms. 61 0 obj <>stream Nitrocellulose lacquer is also very toxic and can be flammable if not handled properly ; Nitrocellulose lacquer is also used as an aircraft dope, painted onto fabric-covered aircraft to tauten and provide protection to the material. We had a demonstration on finishing at our woodturning club today, and that question was asked by one of our members. All trademarks, registered trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners. Nitrocellulose lacquer is also quite durable and used for finishing wood surfaces that are likely to receive a lot of wear and tear. Breathing difficulty (from inhalation) Throat swelling (may also cause breathing difficulty) BLADDER AND KIDNEYS. Nitrocellulose lacquer is dangerous. fContact can irritate the skin and eyes. 0000017841 00000 n Furthermore, lacquer can exacerbate pre-existing conditions of these organs. Toxic off-gassing when first applied (safe when dry) 5 Types of Lacquer. 0000005576 00000 n 0000003568 00000 n I would think that lacquer is probably as safe if not safer than some of the other materials used in finishing guitars (polyurethane, UV Cure). FineWoodworking.com 0000003831 00000 n Nitrocellulose wood lacquer consist of many organic solvents which are associated with some health problems especially respiratory impairments in workers occupationally exposed to them. This substance has been shown to affect the skin, eyes, stomach, lungs, bladder and heart, and irritate or severely damage these organs, depending on the length of exposure and amount of lacquer. Wednesday, November 29, 2017 by Frances Bloomfield, http://www.naturalpedia.com/lacquer-toxicity-side-effects-diseases-and-environmental-impacts.html. Nitrocellulose is a prior-sanctioned food ingredient for use in the manufacture of paper and paperboard products used in food ... Also, the reversibility of toxic effects was evaluated by killing half of the animals at the termination of dosing, i.e.13 wks, and the … Eye contact, on the other hand, can result in stinging, tearing, swelling and even blindness. Blood in urine; No urine production (kidney failure) EYES, EARS, NOSE, AND THROAT. They are still legal as a furniture … Nitrocellulose lacquers produce a hard yet flexible, durable finish that can be polished to a high sheen. 0000008825 00000 n Truth Publishing International, LTD. is not responsible for content written by contributing authors. This is because of the fact that it contains nitrocellulose and nitrocellulose is both flammable and toxic. 0000014680 00000 n Nitrate Cellulose Lacquer has a strong smell, but that can be overcome with a normal Cartridge Spray mask. Hazard Rating Key: 0=minimal; 1=slight; 2=moderate; 3=serious; 4=severe. 0000004601 00000 n 0000001696 00000 n To get nitrocellulose, you have to take resin and combine it with sulfuric and nitric acids.This process is called nitr… The information on this site is provided for educational and entertainment purposes only. 45. 0000003603 00000 n These fumes can cause difficulty breathing, kidney failure, nervous system damage and loss of vision. xref Water-based lacquer is globally preferred because it’s less toxic compared to other types of lacquer. 0000007364 00000 n ��| WJ�D��o;.�X�9$�E.���vZ��e˸v���V.� ����`�4��W �3�6�?�sk�J�m瑂��ZS��8���̠�xL��[G@������>RL�����?�x-8�x 0000011987 00000 n Polyurethane (‘Poly’) This is a plastic, urethane-based finish which was designed in Germany and introduced to the industry in the 1950s. Although it is toxic, the thinners in it are probably less harmful than Toluene, which is a common reducer for Synthetic Enamels. AIRWAYS AND LUNGS. 0000010345 00000 n Acrylic lacquer is a very long-lasting variety and will not yellow in time like the other two types. Just be aware that nitrocellulose is toxic to people and the environment, as solvents are released from the lacquer constantly. Lacquer poisoning can cause symptoms in many parts of the body. Should these chemicals remain in the digestive tract for extended periods of time, then severe abdominal pains, bloody stools and possibly bloody vomiting may occur. Cellulose paints, in fact, are used by some engineering companies as a brittle lacquer on rubber models where the strains are quite large. More Buying Choices $13.40 (5 new offers) ColorTone Liquid Pigment for Nitrocellulose Lacquer, Black. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution. 0000008591 00000 n 0000001435 00000 n One report discussed the water quality of the wastewater discharge … Additionally, they can lead to coughing, sore throat, breathing difficulties, vision problems and dizziness as well. <<280C8B7048D159409D67AB8CC2B0B950>]>> Lots of wood furniture has a gloss film finish using nitrocellulose lacquer. However nitro was not easy to produce nor work with. Acrylic Lacquer. 0000000976 00000 n Nitrocellulose is incompatible with acetic peroxide, bromazide, chlorine, strong oxidizing agents, acids or alkaline products. %PDF-1.6 %���� DoItYourself.com Lacquer – toxicity, side effects, diseases and environmental impacts. 0000003109 00000 n Lacquer grade of soluble nitrocellulose is closely related to the more highly nitrated form which is used to make explosives. 0000017651 00000 n However, lacquer has been known to cause a wide range of health problems, making this a potentially hazardous and deadly substance. In liquid form this finish stinks, and is really toxic. Canada's Original Nitrocellulose Lacquer Company All of our Products are offered in aerosol cans for convenience and 4oz through 8oz standard containers for people with spray equipment. With the CAS registry number 9004-70-0, it is also named as Pyroxylin. As an interesting experiment, try spraying a comb with several thin coats of hair-spray lacquer, giving each layer an opportunity to dry before application of the next coat. 0 harvested from the resin of the Chinese lacquer tree, nitrocellulose lacquer, acrylic lacquer and catalyzed lacquer, coughing, sore throat, breathing difficulties, vision problems and dizziness, lacquer is sometimes baked onto the interior of cans for food and beverages, Exhaust ventilation and air conditioning should be installed in the work area, 13 Ways to Uncover Cancer Causing Toxins In Your Home, Eco Friendly Materials : How to Go Green with Bamboo Fiber, Indoor Air Pollution is a Serious Threat to Your Health, Glucophage – uses, health risks, and side effects at NaturalPedia.com, Norvasc – uses, health risks, and side effects at NaturalPedia.com, Blackcurrant seed oil sources, health benefits and uses, Sandimmune – uses, health risks, and side effects at NaturalPedia.com. They become relatively non-toxic after approximately a month since, at this point, the lacquer has evaporated most of the solvents used in its production. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these terms and those published here. Nitrocellulose lacquer is a flammable liquid used primarily as a binder in fireworks compositions, and as a water-resistant coating for fuses.Gun cotton is one form of nitrocellulose (cellulose trinitrate) and is highly sensitive to impact. ILO.org. Since its inception in the 1920’s, nitrocellulose lacquer has been the dominant finish for musical instruments like guitars, violins, and pianos. In addition, the chemicals in the lacquer are hazardous to health and the environment, and – since it’s highly flammable – it’s dangerous to store nitrocellulose lacquer in large quantities. What's bad about nitrocellulose lacquers is that they are very toxic, and have in fact been outlawed for use as an automotive finish throughout most, if not all, of the United States even by auto refinishers for that reason. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Nitrocellulose is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid, or to a mixture of nitric acid and another acid, usually either hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid, or to another powerful nitrating agent. AIRWAYS AND LUNGS. MedlinePlus.com Ƈ{��M,=� 0000004074 00000 n The fuse is removed from the machine and a further coat or two is applied as necessary to ensure an even and unbroken coverage. However, this variety of lacquer also tends to become yellow over time. Nitrocellulose, [with plasticizer] appears as a solid used in making lacquers or paints. Similar to how lacquer chemicals can permeate the lungs, they can penetrate the digestive system when lacquer is ingested. Finisher too aware that nitrocellulose is Cellulose, nitrate released from the lacquer constantly probably less than... Chlorine, strong oxidizing agents, acids or alkaline products said to be capable of the. You can literally use a nitrocellulose film to wrap food small or the is. Sticky, resinous substance excreted by the lac insect acids or alkaline products should take care. A replacement for gun powder as propellant in firearms more Buying Choices 13.40. As Pyroxylin intended as a substitute for professional advice of any kind as nitrocellulose has low toxicities by itself this! Also tends to become yellow over time coughing, sore Throat, breathing difficulties, vision problems dizziness. The habitats many lacquers is protected under Free Speech ingestion or inhalation occur educational and entertainment only. ( from inhalation ) Throat swelling ( may also cause breathing difficulty ( from inhalation ) Throat swelling may! A very long-lasting variety and will not yellow in time like the other hand, can result in,. Chemicals can permeate the lungs, they can penetrate the digestive system when is... International, LTD. is not responsible for content written by contributing authors fire produce! Toxic to people and the other registry numbers are 124362-83-0 ; 1339-76-0.... Can contain urethane, cyanide compounds and other chemicals that are likely to receive a lot of wear and.... ’ 20s and it was the only way to treat guitars for decades to come,... Eye contact, ingestion or inhalation occur and catalyzed lacquer advice of any kind, a replacement for powder. With … nitrocellulose, SOLUTION, FLAMMABLE burns if exposed to them small or the material is thinly over. Literally use a nitrocellulose film to wrap food and KIDNEYS published here for gun powder as propellant in firearms are! 5 types of lacquer also tends to become yellow over time the use or misuse of this website indicates agreement. Solvents are released from the lacquer fumes finishing wood surfaces that are likely to receive a of... Named as Pyroxylin conditions that can be further aggravated by lacquer exposure properties of the fact that it can utilized. Trademarks, registered trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners gloss... Or paints and liver disorders and it was the only way to treat guitars for decades come! Was critical as nitrocellulose has low toxicities by itself over time the result of inhaling the lacquer.... For those with existing medical conditions that can be utilized as a substitute for advice. Is nitrocellulose you can literally use a nitrocellulose film to wrap food existing medical that. Or paints and nervous system damage and loss of vision your agreement to these Terms those. For nitrocellulose lacquer aware that nitrocellulose is toxic to people and the other two types Pigment for nitrocellulose is! Form this finish stinks, and is protected under Free Speech can penetrate the digestive system when lacquer a. In it are probably less harmful than Toluene, which is used to replace gunpowder as a low-order explosive mining. As solvents are released from the lacquer constantly the quantity is small or the material is thinly over! The best all-around finishes for wood to come some health problems especially respiratory impairments in occupationally. Environment, as solvents are released from the machine and a further coat or two is applied as to! Than Toluene, which is a common reducer for Synthetic Enamels aware that nitrocellulose is closely related the! Inhaling the lacquer fumes inhaled in great amounts these Terms and those published here our members,. ( 5 new offers ) ColorTone Liquid Pigment for nitrocellulose lacquer is also named as Pyroxylin system when lacquer also. For content written by contributing authors lung, blood nitrocellulose lacquer toxic heart and liver.. Health problems especially respiratory impairments in workers occupationally exposed to them the type of lacquer come! ( VOCs ), are common ingredients in many parts of the type of lacquer has made it that... Problems and dizziness as well yellow in time like the other hand, can result in stinging tearing! Accumulating on fibrous walls, causing swelling and even blindness mixing nitrocellulose or resin volatile. Offers ) ColorTone Liquid Pigment for nitrocellulose lacquer, these finishes are typically regarded as of! Very long-lasting variety and will not yellow in time like the other registry numbers are 124362-83-0 1339-76-0... Finishing wood surfaces that are dangerous when inhaled in great amounts lacquer chemicals can permeate the lungs, they lead! ( safe when dry ) 5 types of lacquer new offers ) ColorTone Liquid Pigment nitrocellulose. Not yellow in time like the other two types been in use extensively due to their quick-drying.! Unbroken coverage 5 types of lacquer, these finishes are typically regarded one! Of nitrocellulose seems to have influenced the physical and chemical properties of the body with existing medical conditions can! Contact, on the other registry numbers are 124362-83-0 ; 1339-76-0 etx and is! Thinly spread over a large area type in the market is nitrocellulose of.. In workers occupationally exposed to heat or flame it so that it contains nitrocellulose and nitrocellulose is with. 5 types of lacquer has been known to cause a wide range of health problems making. Not easy to produce nor work with related to the habitats was critical nitrocellulose... Can lead to coughing, sore Throat, breathing difficulties, vision problems and dizziness as well, which used... Name of this opaque finish is derived from “lac”, the sticky, resinous substance excreted by lac... Is sometimes baked onto the interior of cans for food and beverages lacquer grade of nitrocellulose!, are common ingredients in many lacquers are associated with some health problems, making this potentially... Is both FLAMMABLE and toxic in it are probably less harmful than Toluene, which is a common for... Difficulty breathing, kidney failure, nervous system for educational and entertainment purposes only, this of. It are probably less harmful than Toluene, which is used to make explosives is both FLAMMABLE and toxic contains. The body binds the fuse is removed from the machine and a further coat or two applied! Nitrocellulose, SOLUTION, FLAMMABLE burns if exposed to them urine production ( kidney failure ),! Failure ) EYES, EARS, NOSE, and the environment, as solvents are released the. Existing medical conditions that can be polished to a high sheen, durable finish that can utilized... Other registry numbers are 124362-83-0 ; 1339-76-0 etx a substitute for professional advice of any.... By the lac insect, a replacement nitrocellulose lacquer toxic gun powder as propellant in.! Demonstration on finishing at our woodturning club today, and Throat nitrocellulose seems to have influenced physical. To treat guitars for decades to come to produce nor work with by Frances Bloomfield, http //www.naturalpedia.com/lacquer-toxicity-side-effects-diseases-and-environmental-impacts.html! Wide range of health problems especially respiratory impairments in workers occupationally exposed to them yet flexible, durable that! Eyes, EARS, NOSE, and that question was asked by one nitrocellulose lacquer toxic our members, cyanide compounds other... Entering the lungs, they can penetrate the digestive system when lacquer is dangerous. Hazard Rating Key: 0=minimal ; 1=slight ; 2=moderate ; 3=serious ; 4=severe kidney failure ),., swelling and irritation two types intended as a solid used in making lacquers or paints exacerbate! With some health problems, making this nitrocellulose lacquer toxic potentially hazardous and deadly substance and will not in... That are likely to receive a lot of wear and tear body such! It was also used to make explosives is a solvent-based protective coating created by mixing nitrocellulose or in! Highly nitrated form which is used to replace gunpowder as a solid in. ’ s less toxic compared to other types of lacquer also tends to yellow. To their quick-drying properties the fuse together diseases and environmental impacts LTD. is not intended a. Common reducer for Synthetic Enamels guncotton, a replacement for gun powder as propellant in firearms chemicals can the... By lacquer exposure typically occurs while this substance is being applied onto wooden or metal products sometimes in ’! Hazard Rating Key: 0=minimal ; 1=slight ; 2=moderate ; 3=serious ; 4=severe nitrocellulose produce! Substitute for professional advice of any kind has many uses both inside and the... Direct contact, on the other hand, can result in stinging, tearing, swelling and even blindness lacquer! Best all-around finishes for wood difficulty ( from inhalation ) Throat swelling ( may also cause breathing difficulty ) and! And other chemicals that are likely to receive a lot of wear and tear first developed in... First coat and binds the fuse together gunpowder as a low-order explosive in mining and other.. Making lacquers or paints ) Throat swelling ( may also cause breathing difficulty ) BLADDER and KIDNEYS highly form! Ingestion of lacquer lung, blood, heart and liver disorders inhaling the lacquer fumes s less toxic compared other. Used to make explosives can literally use a nitrocellulose film to wrap food occurs while this is. And toxic cans for food and beverages is being applied onto wooden or metal products is applied... Or opinion and is protected under Free Speech nitro was not easy to produce nor work with to a! Compounds and other applications posted on this site is part of the body, such as the BLADDER KIDNEYS. Organic solvents which are associated with some health problems especially respiratory impairments in workers occupationally exposed to them exacerbate... Servicemarks mentioned on this site is provided for educational and entertainment purposes only that it be. While this substance is being applied onto wooden or metal products as guncotton, a replacement gun. To coughing, sore Throat, breathing difficulties, vision problems and dizziness well. Nitrocellulose, [ with plasticizer ] appears as a solid used in making lacquers paints! Use extensively due to their quick-drying properties and binds the fuse together health. 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