[383] The first Tamil newspaper, Swadesamitran, was launched in 1899. [126][127] The corporation is headed by a mayor, an office presently occupied by Saidai Sa. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, city, capital of Tamil Nadu state, southern India, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. ", "Chennai will be world's largest auto-manufacturing hub: Stalin", "Trials of Arjun mark II start in Pokhran", "Development Plan for Chennai Metropolitan Area", "Investors told to go in for long term investment, index funds", "TN GIM - Brochure New - 13 Nov - TN-GIM-Brochure-2019.pdf", "Chennai comes sixth among India's super-rich cities", "IOB set to takeover Bharat Overseas Bank", "World Bank decides to locate back office in Chennai", "World Bank may ramp up Chennai BPO operations", "Bharti, SingTel announce pact for submarine cable – Chennai-Mumbai-Singapore link to cost Rs $650m", "India's 1st undersea cable network ready", "VSNL completes Singapore's first Indian-owned undersea fiber-optic cable", "BRICS Cable Unveiled for Direct and Cohesive Communications Services Between Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa", "Work on undersea cable to connect Andamans to begin in December", "Information note to the Press (Press Release No.71/2007)", "CDMA Worldwide: Deployment search – Asia-Pacific", "Chennai ranks third among metros in surfing internet on cellphones", "India's Internet users top 100 m in Sept", "Chennai consumes 20% of the power of the State", "Metro rail sets up units to power trains, stations to meet year-end deadline to start services", "No power cuts in Tamil Nadu from this year end, says Jaya", "Power crisis improving in southern Tamil Nadu", "LED lights on roads in added city areas soon", "Chennai High: City gets most foreign tourists", "Country's med capital to get 3,000 more beds", "What the new hospital and college mean for Chennai", "City to finally be free of garbage dumps", "Corpn plans to move dump yards; residents breathe easy", "Top 100 Cities Destination Ranking 2011", "Hotels full as Chennai turns into wedding destination", "Chennai emerges top among Indian cities in hotel room addition", "Cinema halls oppose service tax, stay shut", "Saving the Crocodile and Putting on a Spectacular Show", "Massive afforestation drive to begin in Chennai", "More parks, but Chennai needs green thumb", "Eco-park will cover entire 358-acre expanse of the Adyar Creek", "Collector refutes MK's charge, says property on Cathedral Rd not govt's", "Amusement parks: a preferred destination", "Do amusement parks ride roughshod over safety? Other examples include the Bombay Mutual building (presently housing LIC) and the South Indian Chamber of Commerce building. [353] Chennai is an important gold market in India contributing to 45 percent of the 800-tonne annual national gold uptake. The crust has granite rocks indicating volcanic activities in the past. Chennai Book Fair, an annual book fair organised in Chennai by the Booksellers and Publishers Association of South India (BAPASI), is the largest exhibition for Tamil book publishers to display their books. The city is served by two major ports, Chennai Port, one of the largest artificial ports in India, and Ennore Port. The evening dailies are, The Trinity Mirror and The News Today. The population density of the state stands at 550 people per square kilometre. [367], As of 2019, the city corporation maintains about 471 bus route roads and 33,0000 interior roads. The city together with the adjoining regions constitutes the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Tamil Nādu with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. There are 16.78% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 0.22% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Chennai district. The male population of which is 4,358,612 while female population is 4,294,909. [317] This works to 2.1 beds per 1,000 population against the national average of less than one bed per 1,000 population and the World Health Organization's norms of three beds per 1,000 persons, higher than any other city in the country. [104][105], The encroachment of urban development on wetlands has gravely hampered the city's sustainability, and contributed both to the city's floods in 2015 and water scarcity crisis in 2019. Chennai city is governed by the Greater Chennai Corporation (formerly "Corporation of Madras"), which was established in 1688. The oldest known mosques in Madras - the ones at Pulicat and Kovalam were built in the 10th century AD. The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) is the nodal agency responsible for planning and development of Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is spread over an area of 1,189 km2 (459 sq mi),[131] covering the Chennai district and parts of Tiruvallur, Kanchipuram and Chengalpattu districts. Growth of population in Chennai city and CMA 3.05 Chennai (earlier called as Madras) was established in 1639, as one of the East ... Population density per Hect. At least 8 percent of India, and post partition of India 's leather exports this season Newspapers to! [ 265 ] Chennai was the most-visited Indian city by foreign tourists in 2009 and issued the number... 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